One Of The Smartest Land Purchases You Can Make

Why These Farms In Uruguay Are Such A Smart Purchase

One of the smartest property buys you can make is a property that serves more than one purpose in your overall financial and lifestyle agenda. And there are few investments that do this more efficiently than the Uruguayan land parcel known as the chacra.

In Uruguay, the chacra is a popular way to invest in land… but it also gets you a few other benefits:

  • It gains you a foothold in one of the best countries for international diversification;
  • It can provide a self-sustaining home that’s off-the-grid;
  • A chacra can give you the presence required for Uruguay’s program for residency and second citizenship;
  • Being a Uruguayan property owner is a natural segue into Uruguay’s financial system, with its multiple-currency and high-interest accounts.

A chacra(CHA kra), which is a small farm or ranch, can vary in size from one acre to hundreds of acres, and is measured in hectares (one hectare equals 2.47 acres). Once they become larger than 100 hectares or so, the property is often called an estancia in this part of South America.

The Uruguayan interior is wide-open gaucho country

The Uruguayan interior is wide-open gaucho country

Chacras are often part of a planned development project—called a fraccionamiento in Uruguay—and are seldom less than five hectares. This is because projects with parcels less than five hectares require all of the permits and approvals that apply to a housing development. Consequently, for developers it’s easier to keep their lots over the five-hectare threshold.

Uruguayans will sometimes use the chacra for agriculture, but it’s more often enjoyed as a country vacation property… what we’d call a finca or quinta elsewhere in Latin America.

With North Americans, my experience has been that they also often want a property for vacations or part-time living. However, they are additionally looking to store a hard asset in Uruguay, as well have a potential under-the-radar getaway should they ever want it.

But why Uruguay?

Here’s Why Uruguay Is So Popular With Offshore Property Buyers

I’m a resident of Uruguay, and it was my primary home for six years. Here are some of the attributes that really stand out for me:

The people: Uruguayans are generally honest and punctual… they keep their word, conduct themselves professionally, and stand by their commitments. The culture is honest and hardworking, and levels of corruption are low.

Yet they really are laid-back, in the truest meaning of the term. Uruguayans seem to have unlimited patience (even behind the wheel), they’re nonconfrontational, nonviolent, good natured, and friendly.

In case you’re new to the region, these attributes are rare in Latin America, on this scale, outside of Uruguay and Chile.

Solid financial system: Uruguay was known as a banking haven for a long time. Their famed bank-secrecy policy fell by the wayside a few years ago, but the financial services sector is still well-controlled and sound. The currency is stable, interest rates are attractive for the investor, and you can keep multiple currencies in your account.

The infrastructure: In Uruguay you’ll enjoy fast, modern highways, reliable phone, cell, and broadband internet service, and drinkable water from every tap in the country. You’ll have free Wi-Fi in the buses and town squares, and even a public radio network.

The government: Uruguay enjoys a stable democracy. No matter who is currently in charge—conservative or liberal—they respect the citizens, welcome foreigners, and encourage foreign investment. The government is as nonintrusive as they come.

Agriculture: The country is a breadbasket, growing everything from beef to oranges to eucalyptus trees. And, because it sits squarely on top of the continent’s main aquifer, its abundant water supply is stable.

The lifestyle: Uruguay has a moderate climate, with four seasons but no ice or snow. It boasts miles of some of the most beautiful and well-maintained beaches in South America… beaches that draw visitors from all over the world.

The culture is European-like, and the cultural influence is primarily Italian. You’ll find tango clubs along with opera houses and orchestras.

Uruguay also enjoys one of the lowest crime and poverty rates in Latin America, with one of the highest standards of living and highest per-capita incomes.

Residency and second citizenship: Becoming a resident is not particularly fast, but it’s straightforward… with low financial thresholds for obtaining a visa. I obtained my visa myself, using the instructions given to me by the immigration agent in Montevideo. Citizenship is available after three to five years, depending on your personal situation.

Many chacras have a water source on the premises

Many chacras have a water source on the premises

Things To Watch Out For When Buying A Chacra

The biggest variable when buying is the utility infrastructure. A given chacra may or may not have public utilities on the property. If not, make sure you know how far away they are.

Amenity levels vary greatly from one chacra to the next. Some come with a community pool, restaurant, clubhouse, beautiful stone gate, and other various niceties. Others are just a square of land with a gravel lane going by. Neither of these is the wrong idea… it just depends on what you want and how you intend to use the chacra.

The next big variable comes into play if you’re using the chacra for agriculture. You’ll need to verify that the soil makeup coincides with what you intend to grow or raise. Luckily, Uruguay makes this easy with the CONEAT system… a system that categorizes every land parcel in the country with respect to soil quality, and provides an online lookup function.

Finally, proximity to the coast is a factor… one that will jump out at you when you begin to look for properties. The closer you get to the beaches, the more expensive the property will be.

One thing you will not have to watch out for is the security of the property transaction. The purchase process in Uruguay is well-controlled and secure, and the property registry is sound. Each transaction (by law) is managed by an escribano, a public official who serves as a real estate attorney. You’ll pay them 3%, which is steep by Latin American standards… but you can rest assured that the transaction is safe from any liens or claims and that everything is recorded properly.

Here Are A Few Examples Of Chacras On The Market Today

bulletThe market starts at about US$45,000 for a five-hectare parcel. For this price, you’ll get rolling hills, a stream, good soil, and a good view… with no improvements on the property. It’s in the department of Maldonado, about 40-minutes’ drive from Punta del Este. If you like, the owner will also sell some adjacent parcels.

I saw a number of chacras in the range of US$45k to US$55k, with either minor improvements or no construction at all.

bulletThis chacra is basic, with six hectares (15 acres) of rolling hills, running along the banks of the small but picturesque Paraje Las Cañas River. With native vegetation and palms, the property comes with a small house with one bedroom, one bath, living room, dining room, and kitchen. The property also features a small barn and a private well. It’s located 30 kms (18.6 miles) from the town of San Carlos, one of my favorite towns showcasing traditional rural Uruguay. The asking price is US$190,000.

bulletThis one is also six hectares (15 acres), improved, and has the advantage of being 30 minutes from Punta del Este… so if you like the beach and would enjoy the amenities of South America’s number one beach resort now and then, this is worth your consideration.

The property has two houses, both Bavarian style. One is a small, masonry, thatched-roof, two-story house, while the main house is a two-bedroom home made of wood with a rear deck that extends over the banks of the pond. The asking price for this one is US$350,000.

bulletThis chacra has two houses, electricity, a private well, and nice views of the area. It’s being offered as a portera cerrada, which in Uruguay means that everything is included, from furniture to farm machinery. The asking price is US$120,000.

bulletIf you like the water and a larger property—56 hectares or 138 acres—there’s a chacra on offer near Villa Rosario, about 25 kms (15 miles) from the town of Minas, a small, attractive city in the interior. I like this one because it’s on a navigable portion of the El Soldado River. Of the 56 hectares, 30 are prepped for cultivation… the rest is wild.

Electricity is 700 meters from the property, so figure that into your overall cost if you plan on building (and want to be on the grid). The asking price is US$308,000.

The Minas town square is attractive and well-maintained

The Minas town square is attractive and well-maintained

A good agent for chacras in Uruguay is Noel de los Santos, owner of Campos del Este, an agency that specializes in these country properties. Noel tends to specialize in rural properties, rather than luxury properties near the coast. He can be reached at Noel is also the escribano who handled the purchase of my first property in Uruguay. See his website at

A Land Buy That Brings You A Lot For Your Money

When buying a chacra, the cost of entry is minimal, starting at around US$45,000 for a five-hectare parcel. For that price, you can have a vacation property now… one that’s capable of being a sustainable, off-the-grid property in the future if you want to use it that way.

More importantly, you’ll have gained a foothold in Uruguay. With its liberal residency and second citizenship policies, it’s a country that gets top marks for freedom.

I can tell you personally that it’s also one of the best places in the world to live.

Lee Harrison
Editor, Overseas Property Alert


Letters To The Editor


I appreciate the beautiful women in Cali, but I noticed that some of the buildings and homes are rather shabby. (I was there a limited time.)

Why does Kathleen Peddicord say that Cali is going to be the next upcoming place to call home in Colombia?

Thanks Lee!
Brock C.

Kathleen was referring to Cali’s potential. Today, the property prices in Cali are very low, the cost of living is low, and it’s just coming into its own as an expat destination. Expats are buying properties, and a rental market is starting to bloom.

But, with respect to shabbiness, you bring up a good point, Brock. In Medellín, there are neighborhoods like El Poblado that are exclusively sound and winsome… while others are almost exclusively run-down. But, in Cali, virtually every neighborhood I saw had at least some combination of sound and winsome homes and run-down homes.

Personally, I saw this as a plus. I could go to a nice place like Cali’s El Peñón and find a bargain fixer-upper among the solid surroundings and amenities.


Hello Lee,

I have recently purchased a property outside Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda, Colombia. I would like your advice on the postal service in Colombia, as I will soon be living there full-time, and will periodically need to receive mail.

Is there a secure method you would recommend, or is the regular postal service fine… I know that in some countries it is not.

Thank you,

Personally, I always use the local postal service when I can for routine mail. In Medellín, I’ve never had a problem (that I know of). For important documents, I use FedEx, DHL, or UPS when mailing things to and from the United States.

In my experience, mail reliability depends more on the municipality than the country. One city will be great, while the next one may be spotty. I’d suggest you try out the local post office with a handful of test mailings to see how they do.

In any case, don’t send valuables or anything that might appear to contain something valuable.

If you’re living “outside” Santa Rosa, I’d suggest getting a P.O. box in town. That will make it slightly more reliable and secure. Expect things to take three weeks to arrive from the States.

As for other express delivery services (like FedEx), I don’t know which ones are available in Santa Rosa. Once you get there, look for a local branch for those important or rush items.


Do you know if owner financing, contracts for deed, etc., are possible in any of the countries you are an expert on?


Yes, depending on where you are buying, there could be a number of options available. See my previous essay on financing your property abroad.

Have a question? You can write to Lee here.

An Urban Setting With Plenty Of Green Space

Cali, Colombia: An Urban Setting With Plenty Of Green Space

Cali: Great Lifestyle, Low Price Tag
My workout over, I wipe my brow and walk over to chat with Sergio.

Sergio comes to Parque El Ingenio almost every day to sell agua de panela—water flavored with brown cane sugar and lime—to the folks who exercise at what I have come to call “The Flintstones Gym.” The equipment here is homemade. Barbells and dumbbells sport blocks of concrete rather than steel plates, but the equipment is well maintained and this is a popular spot in the mornings. The men who come here are serious about working out, but also friendly, and they welcome me with smiles and nods.

Sergio pours me a generous cup of agua de panela, and I fish a sweaty 1,000-peso bill—about 35 cents—from my pocket. I hand it over and we begin another of Continue reading

Colorful two story hose on an island in Las Isletas, Nicaragua

If You Think Owning An Island Is Impossible…Think Again

Own Your Own Private Island Starting At $60K

The idea of buying any property abroad is exciting. But there’s nothing more exotic, romantic, and exciting than the idea of living on your own private island.

In a way, you’ll feel like a pioneer no matter where you purchase abroad. But on an island—especially a private island—that feeling is amplified tenfold.

For hundreds of years, only the super-wealthy entertained the idea of owning a private island. And in most of the world today, owning a tropical island is still prohibitively expensive for most of us.

Yet there’s still one place left in the Americas today where you can own a private tropical island for less than $60,000…

It’s in a small island group known as Las Isletas, near the colonial city of Granada, Continue reading

Coloonial Style Buildings in the Coastal City of Olinda Brazil

3 Top Coastal Colonial Cities Offering Fun, Sun, And Property

Three Top-Rated Colonial Cities By The Sea

Most of us think of colonial cities as being situated in the highlands… not on the ocean. In fact, when we talk about various lifestyles in Latin America, we often discuss colonial city living and the beach lifestyle as if it were necessary to choose between the two.

But the truth is that you can have both. That is, there are a number of colonial cities on the water that offer an excellent expat lifestyle; not to mention the advantage of two property markets.

Here are three of my favorite colonial cities by the sea in Latin America…

Olinda, Brazil: An Early Portuguese Colonial Gem

Traveling down the coast of Northeast Brazil, it’s common to see gleaming resort cities, long stretches of sandy beaches, and beautiful small beach towns and fishing villages.

What I didn’t expect was Continue reading

Retirement For Boaters

Sail Into Your Retirement: 3 Top Retirement Spots For Boating

My first retirement plan—10 years before I moved to Ecuador—was to spend winters in Arizona and summers living on our 44-foot boat in the Chesapeake Bay. We planned to spend part of the season docked in the small town of Charlestown, Maryland, and the rest of the time cruising up and down the Continue reading

How to Live “Like A Local” In Mexico, Uruguay, and Colombia

Most people who move abroad enjoy the familiarity of an existing expat community and seek out destinations with a number of expats already in residence.

But not everyone.

There are a few of us who want to live among the local community, become a part of the local culture, and are happy if we rarely see another American or Canadian expat.

There are a few advantages to living a local lifestyle in a foreign community…

  • The cost of living is usually lower, without the market influence that expat communities often bring. This usually includes properties;
  • The cultural experience is far richer and more authentic;
  • It’s much easier to learn the local language when you’re using it to get by every day;
  • You’ll make friends quickly and easily if you’re one of only a few North Americans in the area, and you’ll enjoy a smoother assimilation.

Continue reading

Yes, You Can Retire Overseas and Still Play World-Class Golf

Yes, You Can Retire Overseas and Still Play World-Class Golf

Golf, Beaches, And Good Property Deals

I get a lot of inquiries about golf from people looking for a good place to retire overseas that also gives them a chance to continue to play the game.

And, according to most of these inquiries, I don’t talk about golf often enough.

So this week I’m going to report on two established projects that offer three things: a great place to live and own property, miles of unspoiled beaches, and golf.

Ten Miles Of Unspoiled Beach And A Top-Notch PGA Course 

Estrella del Mar is a huge, 850-acre residential and golf project that sits alone on a stretch of 10 miles of pristine beach… 3.5 miles of which belong to the development. It’s located just south of Mazatlán, Mexico, about 15 minutes from the international airport.

This project is perfect for those who want an undeveloped beach out front and the area’s best golf course out back.

Plus, you’ve got all the amenities of Mazatlán close at hand.

The golf course is a spectacular, 18-hole, Robert Trent Jones championship course, and a host on the Latin America PGA Tour. The course is par 72 (7,015 yards) with six holes running along the ocean. I spoke with Continue reading

Languedoc Has Changed Its Name

Why Property In Languedoc Keeps Growing In Popularity

Why The Languedoc Has Changed Its Name But Not Its Attraction To Property Buyers

It can change names as many times as it likes, but the wine producing Languedoc area of southern France remains one of my favorite places in the world. More and more people are getting to know its wines, but property prices don’t appear to be reflecting the area’s growing appeal.

The Languedoc region is sometimes referred to as “The Other South of France” because it is not neighboring Provence or the Côte d’Azur, but it is geographically the most southern part of France, with Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur to the east, the old Midi-Pyrénées to the west, the Auvergne to the north, and Spain to the south.

Historically Languedoc was a province of France, it’s only in recent times that Roussillon was added, turning the area into a region. The original Languedoc has a fascinating history and even its own language, Occitan, which is similar to Catalán, from just over the border in Spain.

It’s from “Occitan” that the region’s new name is derived. At the beginning of this year, Languedoc-Roussillon was merged with the neighboring Midi-Pyrénées region, and Continue reading

6 Options For Property Investing In Greece + A Big Bonus

6 Options For Property Investing In Greece + A Big Bonus

Quick Fix European Residency On A Mediterranean Island—Part II

If Europe is on your list of places to explore, but you are worried you won’t be able to afford it, a visit to Crete just might make you change your mind. Though not quite as inexpensive as parts of Southeast Asia and Latin America, Crete’s cost of living is not that far off those Southern Hemisphere options. The other notable benefit that comes with a life on Crete, with the purchase of 250,000 euros of property, is a residency visa—more on that in a moment.

In last week’s Overseas Property Alert, I introduced you to the city of Chania on the northern coast of western Crete. This week we continue our exploration of the northern coastline with a look at the Akrotiri Peninsula, a head-shaped outcrop of land to the northeast of Chania.

Crete is the largest of all the Greek islands at 260 km long and between 20 km and 60 km wide—big enough and high enough in places to have a long range of snow-topped mountains, a well-developed tourism industry, four major cities, two international airports, a cruise ship port, a well-organized bus service, a NATO base (once a U.S. Air Force base), an international school, and all the usual mod-cons of a Westernized country.

Recession Hit And Down-Trodden?

Greece’s shaky economy may make you wonder if it’s a place that should be on your radar. Continue reading

Why You Should Be Considering Property In Crete, Greece

Why You Should Be Considering Property In Crete, Greece

Quick Fix European Residency On A Mediterranean Island—Part I

Its history dates back 4,000 years, its beaches are superb, the Mediterranean water is crystal clear, the healthy Mediterranean Diet originates here, and the sun shines for 300 days a year. This is the island of Crete, the largest of the Greek islands, a little bigger than the State of Delaware.

Crete is divided into four so-called ‘regional units’: Chania (pronounced and sometimes written “Hania”), Rethymo, Heraklion (sometimes called Iraklio), and Lasithi.

Over the next two weeks Overseas Property Alert visits Chania, with a spotlight on Chania City this week and the Akrotiri Peninsula next week.

Apart from the sun, sea, history, and food, there are two overseas living issues that make Crete particularly interesting: The cost of living is low and there is an Continue reading